Reading List on Legal Design

We have been scouting out work in legal academia and practice, that shows a design approach in action. It also brings in interdisciplinary works that can guide people in the legal system to do more user-centered, experimental work.

An Introductory Bibliography

Margaret Hagan; Legal Design as a Thing: A Theory of Change and a Set of Methods to Craft a Human-Centered Legal SystemDesign Issues 2020; 36 (3): 3–15. doi: 

Margaret Hagan, Law By Design, 2016, 

Buchanan, Richard. 2001. “Human Dignity and Human Rights: Thoughts on the Principles of Human-Centered Design.” Design Issues 17 (3): 302–7.

Haapio, Helena, and Margaret Hagan. 2016. “Design Patterns for Contracts.” Internationales Rechtsinformatik Symposion IRIS 388 (February): 8.

Haapio, Helena, Margaret Hagan, Monica Palmirani, and Arianna Rossi. 2018. “Legal Design Patterns for Privacy.” In Data Protection / LegalTech. Proceedings of the 21th International Legal Informatics Symposium IRIS, edited by Erich Schweighofer et Al., 445–50.

Haapio, Helena, Daniela Alina Plewe, and Robert de Rooy. 2016. “Next Generation Deal Design: Comics and Visual Platforms for Contracting.” Internationales Rechtsinformatik Symposion IRIS 380 (February): 8.

Hagan, Margaret, and Miso Kim. 2018. “Design for Dignity and Procedural Justice.” In Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 585:135–45.

Hagan, Margaret D. 2018. “A Human-Centered Design Approach to Access to Justice Generating New Prototypes and Hypotheses for Intervention to Make Courts User-Friendly.” Indiana Journal of Law and Social Equality 6 (2): 199–239. 

Hagan, Margaret. 2018. “Justice Innovation with Law School Design Labs.” ABA Dialogue

Hagan, Margaret. 2016. “User-Centered Privacy Communication Design.” In Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS), 1–7.

Hagan, Margaret. 2016. “The User Experience of the Internet as a Legal Help Service : Defining Standards for the next Generation of User-Friendly Online Legal Services.” Va. JL & Tech. 20 (2): 395–465.

Margaret Hagan, F. Kürşat Ozenç; A Design Space for Legal and Systems Capability: Interfaces for Self-Help in Complex SystemsDesign Issues 2020; 36 (3): 61–81. doi:

Jackson, Dan. 2016. “Human-Centered Legal Tech: Integrating Design in Legal Education.” Law Teacher 50 (1): 82–97. 

Dan Jackson, Miso Kim, Jules Rochielle Sievert; The Rapid Embrace of Legal Design and the Use of Co-Design to Avoid Enshrining Systemic Bias. Design Issues 2020; 36 (3): 16–30. doi:

Junginger, Sabine. 2013. “Design and Innovation in the Public Sector: Matters of Design in Policy-Making and Policy Implementation.” Annual Review of Policy Design 1 (1): 1–11.

Mitchell, Jay A. 2013. “Putting Some Product into Work-Product: Corporate Lawyers Learning from Designers.” SSRN 

Melissa A. Moss; The Escambia Project: An Experiment in Community-Led Legal DesignDesign Issues 2020; 36 (3): 45–60. doi:

Palmirani, Monica, Arianna Rossi, Michele Martoni, and Margaret Hagan. 2018. “A Methodological Framework to Design a Machine-Readable Privacy Icon Set.” In Data Protection / LegalTech Proceedings of the 21st International Legal Informatics Symposium IRIS

Passera, Stefania. 2018. “Flowcharts, Swimlanes, and Timelines: Alternatives to Prose in Communicating Legal–Bureaucratic Instructions to Civil Servants.” Journal of Business and Technical Communication 32 (2): 229–72.

Passera, Stefania, and Helena Haapio. 2013. “Transforming Contracts from Legal Rules to User-Centered Communication Tools: A Human-Information Interaction Challenge.” Communication Design Quarterly, no. April: 38–45.

Passera, Stefania, Helena Haapio, and Thomas D Barton. 2012. “Innovating Contract Practices: Merging Contract Design with Information Design.” CWSL Scholarly Commons, 1–23.

Gordon Ross; Airlines, Mayonnaise, and Justice: Reflections on the Theory and Practice of Legal Design and TechnologyDesign Issues 2020; 36 (3): 31–44. doi:

Arianna Rossi, Monica Palmirani; Can Visual Design Provide Legal Transparency? The Challenges for Successful Implementation of Icons for Data Protection. Design Issues 2020; 36 (3): 82–96. doi:

Quintanilla, Victor D. 2018. “Human-Centered Civil Justice Design.” Penn State Law Review 121 (3). Accessed February 3.

Szabo, Mark. 2010. “Design Thinking in Legal Practice Management.” Design Management Review 21 (3): 44–46.

Young, Jamie. 2011. “A Virtual Day in Court: Design Thinking and Virtual Courts.”