Corrections data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics

Legal Design TOolbox - Data Sources - Bureau of Justice Statistics - Correctional Population

Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) – Total correctional population.

The total correctional population consists of all offenders under the supervision of the adult correctional systems, which includes offenders supervised in the community under the authority of probation or parole agencies and those held in the custody of state or federal prisons or local jails. Several different data collections are used to estimate the total correctional population; they include the National Prisoner Statistics, Annual Survey of Jails, Census of Jail Inmates, and Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey (listed under data sources). The basic count for the correctional population is updated annually in the Correctional Populations in the United States series.

Data Collections & Surveys
Publications & Products
Prisoners in 2012: Trends in Admissions and Releases, 1991-2012 Presents final counts on prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2012, collected in the National Prisoner Statistics Program.
Press Release | PDF (2M) | ASCII file (44K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 36K)
Part of the Prisoners Series
Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012 Summarizes data from various correctional collections to provide statistics on the number of offenders supervised by the adult correctional systems in the U.S. Adult correctional systems include offenders supervised in the community under the authority of probation or parole agencies and inmates held in state and federal prisons or local jails.
Press Release | PDF (766K) | ASCII file (23K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 15K)
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series
Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012 TOTAL U.S. CORRECTIONAL POPULATION DECLINED IN 2012 FOR FOURTH YEAR
Press Release
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series
Prisoners in 2012: Trends in Admissions and Releases, 1991-2012 TOTAL U.S. CORRECTIONAL POPULATION DECLINED IN 2012 FOR FOURTH YEAR
Press Release
Part of the Prisoners Series
Capital Punishment, 2011 – Statistical Tables Presents characteristics of persons under sentence of death on December 31, 2011, and persons executed in 2011.
PDF (1.1M) | ASCII file (14K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 28K)
Part of the Capital Punishment Series
Prisoners in 2011 Presents data on prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal and state correctional authorities on December 31, 2011, collected from the National Prisoner Statistics series.
Press Release | PDF (1M) | ASCII file (55K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 45K)
Part of the Prisoners Series
Prisoners in 2011 PRISON POPULATION DECLINED IN 26 STATES DURING 2011
Press Release
Part of the Prisoners Series
Correctional Populations in the United States, 2011 Presents summary data on the number of offenders under the supervision of the adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2011.
Press Release | PDF (704K) | ASCII file (13K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 10K)
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series
Prisoners in 2010 (Revised) Presents data on prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal and state correctional authorities on December 31, 2010, collected from the National Prisoner Statistics series.
Press Release | PDF (1.7M) | ASCII file (44K) | Spreadsheets (Zip format 40K)
Part of the Prisoners Series
Correctional Populations in the United States, 2010 Presents statistics on the number of offenders under the supervision of adult correctional authorities in the United States at yearend 2010.
Press Release | PDF (595K) | ASCII file (33K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 26K)
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

 

Terms & Definitions
Community corrections Community corrections refers to the supervision of criminal offenders in the resident population, as opposed to confining them in secure correctional facilities. The two main types of community corrections supervision are probation and parole. Community corrections is also referred to as community supervision.
Custody To have custody of a prisoner, a state or the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) must physically hold that person in one of its facilities. A locality, state, or the BOP may hold inmates over whom a different government maintains jurisdiction.
Design capacity The number of inmates that planners or architects intended for the facility.
Imprisoned population The population of inmates confined in prison or other facilities under the jurisdiction of the state or Federal Bureau of Prisons.
Imprisonment rate The number of prisoners under state or federal jurisdiction sentenced to more than one year, per 100,000 U.S. residents.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *